News : Dates of first day's moon on UK horizon in 1438 AH (2016 - 2017) [Read more]
PrayerTimes 1438 01 Muharram notesHow to make Hijri Calendar Prayer Timetables
It is Fard al Kifaya (communal obligation) to establish and use the Hijri calendar by all the Muslim communities. This article explains how to easily convert a Gregorian calendar date based Prayer timetable to Hijri calendar date based one, with simple examples (including Saudi Ummul Qura calendar dates). [Read more]

Regional Moon Sighting Criteria for the UK

This paper discusses the basis for a local moon sighting criteria and for the adverse UK weather conditions, it proposes a regional moon sighting zone to include Western European countries (longitude) down to Tropic of Cancer (23.5° latitude), which includes Morocco. [Read more]
Crescent Moon (Hilal) Observation Reporting Process [Read more]
Hilal Sighting & Islamic Dates By Dr Salman Shaikh

This paper investigates different options proposed for determination of Islamic dates including: Global vs. Local sighting; Sighting vs. Calculations; Calculations for Dark Astronomical New Moon vs. Calculations for Visible Crescent (Hilal); Telescopes vs. Naked eye; Saudi sighting process and its implications; Issue of Eid ul Adha date; Group vs. Solo sighting ; Number of witnesses required, Size of Matla etc. [Read more]

eclipse photo
Solar eclipse proves the inaccuracy of the Saudi Ummul Qura calendar

On Sunday 3rd November 2013 there was a total solar eclipse in Africa and a partial one in the Middle East, where many thousands of people witnessed the birth of the moon by the human eye, without relying on astronomical calculations. This proved beyond any doubt that the Saudi Ummul Qura calendar does not match the visibility of the moon! [Read more]

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