Advice: Start of Rabi-II 1441 AH from Thu 28 Nov 2019, InshaAllah. [Read more]
Solar and Lunar EclipsesThere will be a solar eclipse on 26 Dec 2019 across the Middle East/Southern Africa and a lunar eclipse on 10 - 11 Jan 2020 across Europe/Africa to the Far East. It is Sunnah to offer prayers during an eclipse: "Aisha (رضي الله عنه) reported that there was a solar eclipse during the lifetime of the Prophet (ﷺ) and he sent the announcer (to summon them) for congregational prayer. The people gathered together and he pronounced takbir and he observed four Rak'ahs, in the form of two Rak'ahs (i. e. he observed two Qiyams and two Ruku's in one Rak'ah) and four prostrations." [Muslim, Book 10/Hadith 4] / Note that a solar eclipse shows the birth of the moon and a lunar eclipse shows the round shape of the earth's shadow falling on the moon! [Read more]
Comparison of the UK and Morocco Hilal Sighting Reports (1437 - 1441 AH)Looking at the past few years of observation data, it appears that (1) it is possible to sight the first day’s Hilal on the UK horizon throughout the year (if a real effort is made), (2) attempting to sight the Hilal on 29th day (of Morocco) and the next day, shows that a UK-only criteria will double the number of 29th days sighting (see attached data table).
Use of Optical AidThe role of the telescope is not to create an object that does not exist (but rather to enhance the sighting of an object by making it bigger and brighter) without causing the premature date change (e.g. by CCD imaging) of a visibility-based calendar. [Read more]
Regional Moon Sighting Fatwa by Darul Uloom DeobandWhat is the basis of Global Moon Sighting in Hanafi Madhab? I wish to know if the global sighting rule is the opinion of Imam Abu Hanifa (رحمه الله, d. 772 CE) himself or was it decided later by other scholars of the Hanafi school, such as Imam Ibn Abedin Ash-Shami [رحمه الله, d. 1836 CE]? [Read more]
Moon Sighting by Shaykh Mohammed Ibrahim Memon
This paper/fatwa discusses the different moon sighting criteria, including: Astronomical Calculations, Universal Moon Sighting, Following Saudi Arabia, Following Saudi Arabia for Dhul-Hijjah Only, Local Sighting for All Months and then concludes with the one that has the strongest evidences from the Shariah [Read more]
Solar eclipse proves the inaccuracy of the Saudi Ummul Qura calendar
On Sunday 3rd November 2013 there was a total solar eclipse in Africa and a partial one in the Middle East, where many thousands of people witnessed the birth of the moon by the human eye, without relying on astronomical calculations. This proved beyond any doubt that the Saudi Ummul Qura calendar does not match the moon visibility! [Read more]
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